Vision

A customer is eligible for a Class D or Class M permit/license if he/she, at minimum:

1.  Has at least 20/40 distant visual acuity (Snellen) in either eye, with or without corrective lenses

2.  Has not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision 

3.  Is able to distinguish the colors red, green and amber 

4.  Does not have unresolvable diplopia

 

Note: 20/20 is excellent visual acuity and 20/200 is legally blind. 120 degrees, 130 degrees, or 140 degrees horizontal peripheral field of vision and 20/40, 20/30, or 20/20 visual acuity would all be acceptable for an unrestricted permit/license. A visual acuity of 20/50, 20/60, or 20/70 is acceptable for a license restricted to daylight-only.  A peripheral field of vision less than 120 degrees is not acceptable for a driver’s license in Massachusetts.

 

Drivers with Monovision

Monovision is a method of visual correction (either through surgery or by contact lens) that allows for the use of one eye for distance vision and the other eye for near vision.  Some customers with monovision have trouble with the RMV’s computerized vision screening.  A Vision Screening Certificate (VSC), completed by an optometrist or ophthalmologist and indicating that the customer is visually qualified to safely operate a motor vehicle, can be accepted in place of the computerized vision screening.

 

Vision Screening Test

Testing a customer’s vision is a necessary part of ensuring that the customer is capable of operating a motor vehicle safely. Customers who apply for a permit/license, renew a license, or convert an out-of-state permit/license at an RMV Service Center must pass a vision screening test that checks visual acuity, color vision and peripheral vision. Self-estimate your visual acuity here

 

If the customer normally wears contact lenses or corrective lenses to see at a distance, then he/she must wear them during the vision screening test.

 

The Registry of Motor Vehicles conducts a vision test with a vision testing machine. This machine tests for a distant visual acuity of 20/40 (Snellen) in either eye, with or without corrective lenses, and 140 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision.

 

If the customer fails the vision screening test, declines to take the test, or wears a bioptic telescopic lens, he/she must submit to the Registry of Motor Vehicles a Vision Screening Certificate.

 

A Vision Screening Certificate is a form provided by the Registry of Motor Vehicles and must be completed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist who is licensed to practice in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

 

To be acceptable, the Vision Screening Certificate must:

1.  Be fully completed by the certifying health care provider and the customer

2.  Be twelve months old or less from the date of the screening

3.  Contain the original signatures of the certifying health care provider and the customer.  No photocopies will be accepted.

 

Bioptic Telescopic Lens Wearers
A customer who uses a bioptic telescopic lens is eligible to receive a Class D permit/license only if he/she:

1.  Meets ALL of the following visual standards:

a.  At least 20/40 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the telescope    

b.  At least 20/100 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the carrier lens   

c.  At least 20/100 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the other lens      

d.  Not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision

2.  Uses a bioptic telescope which meets all of the following criteria:

a.  Monocular (The telescope must be on one eye only; telescopes over both eyes are not acceptable for licensing purposes.)

b.  Fixed focus (Telescopes that need to be rotated to focus are not acceptable.)

c.  No greater than 3x (Magnification must not exceed three times.)

d.  Spectacle-mounted and an integral part of the lens (No clip-on or hand-held telescopes are acceptable for licensing purposes.)

e.  Mounted to the upper quadrant of the lens (The wearer’s vision while looking through the carrier lens or other lens should not be blocked or impeded in any way.)

 

Note: A customer who uses bioptic telescopic lenses is not eligible to receive a Class M permit/license. 

 

License Restrictions

License restrictions B, G and R pertain to vision standards.

 

Corrective Lenses "B" Restriction

A "B" restriction (Corrective Lenses) must be put on the permit/license any time a customer uses glasses or contact lenses to meet ANY of the vision standards.

 

Daylight-only "G" Restriction

A daylight-only "G" restriction must be put on a Class D or Class M permit/license if a customer has:

1.  Between 20/50-20/70 distant visual acuity (Snellen) in either eye, with or without corrective lenses

2.  Not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision

 

Restriction "R" for Bioptic Telescopic Lens Wearers

A customer who wears a bioptic telescopic lens is eligible for a Class D permit/license with a daylight-only "G" restriction and the Bioptic "R" restriction if he/she has:

1.  At least 20/40 distant visual acuity (Snellen) through the other lens

2.  Not less than 120 degrees combined horizontal peripheral field of vision

 

Also, the bioptic telescopic lens must meet the acceptable criteria.

 

Removing a "G" Restriction

To have a “G” restriction removed from a customer's license, the customer must provide visual acuity measures for an unrestricted license from his/her optometrist or ophthalmologist or the customer must take and pass a night time driving test to determine his/her ability to drive safely at night.

To set up a night time driving test, a customer should send a written request to the Medical Affairs.

After a written request is received, the Medical Affairs will contact a road test examiner to schedule the night time road test and notify the customer of the scheduled date, time and location.