Passenger Vehicle Requirements

In general, the vehicle used for a Class D road test must be a passenger vehicle, must be safe, in good working order, and have a valid registration certificate and inspection sticker. A road test will be canceled if the examiner believes a vehicle is unsafe. In addition to being safe, a vehicle must meet all of the following requirements:

1.  Adequate seating so that the examiner may sit next to the customer and the sponsor may sit in the rear seat behind the driver. A customer may not use a vehicle that does not have a seat for his/her sponsor.

Sponsors may not sit in the bed of a two passenger pickup truck.

2.  A parking brake so the examiner can make an emergency stop. It is up to the individual examiner to determine if the parking brake would be accessible to him/her in an emergency. To help ensure that brake access will not be a problem, a customer should bring a vehicle to the road test that has a centrally located parking brake. If a customer has any questions about whether a vehicle is acceptable, he/she should take it to the scheduled road test location on the business day prior to the test.

If a customer is prevented from taking the road test only because the examiner determined that he/she could not access the braking system, the customer will not be charged a fee for that scheduled test.

Driving instruction vehicles must have a second foot brake for instructors or examiners, and must display proper signage.

3.  If a vehicle is registered out-of-state, the customer must show the examiner proof of insurance coverage equal to Massachusetts minimum limits, which are $20,000/$40,000 for bodily injury and $5,000 for property damage.

A policy or a certificate that lists coverage limits serves as proof of a vehicle’s insurance.

4.  If a customer is renting the vehicle being used for the road test, he/she must show the examiner the rental agreement and a letter from the rental company, on its letterhead, that authorizes him/her to use the vehicle for a road test.

This information is not required for leased vehicles.


Some customers may own a vehicle that is equipped with an Ignition Interlock Device and that either has a center console, making the parking brake inaccessible, or that has no seat for a sponsor. Since these customers can only operate a vehicle equipped with an Ignition Interlock Device and, in most cases, are unable to provide an alternative vehicle, they do not qualify for a standard road test. However, these customers (depending on their vehicle model) may still be able to schedule and take a road test administered at specific locations throughout the state. Customers who fall into this category should notify their Hearings Officer and/or specifically indicate their circumstances to the Registry of Motor Vehicles Contact Center when scheduling the appointment.


A customer will not be charged a fee if he/she is rejected for a road test because his/her vehicle has an Ignition Interlock Device and no accessible parking brake or sponsor seating.